cost of maternal healthcare service utlised by nhis clients in ghana

User fees are in place in most Sub-Saharan African countries since the 80’s and have been extended to maternal healthcare services. However, the effects of these type out-of-pocket payments in contexts where poverty deeply affects women’s purchasing power are not yet clear. This book asks for the purpose of user fees for maternal care in low resource settings and is based on a literature review. Conclusions: User fees can be harmful in a context were women are very poor and where healthcare services, like maternal care, have suboptimal levels of consumption. Therefore, when asking for what are the alternatives to out-of-pocket expenses, demand side approaches must be considered (like voucher schemes, community insurance, cash transfers and loan funds), as well as supply side approaches (like reimbursement schemes, cost-effectiveness analysis, etc.) and as other set of interrelated tools. Still, all these tools may fail if context is not taken into account. It is necessary to understand the cause for the lack of demand for maternal healthcare and keep in mind that the reasons for the arousal of the problem may be different from community to community.

Страницы: 1 2


new purplr color 4 4 cello case pure carbon fiber strong light wheel 52 victoria andreyanova шерстяное пальто горобец б авт сост педагоги шутят тоже… только строже зеленый одуванчик дизайн кожа pu откидная крышка бумажника карты держатель чехол для samsung galaxy a5 2016 a510 концентратор usb 2 0 ginzzu gr 464ub 4 x usb 2 0 черный блокиратор на ручки дверей happy baby door s locker 2 шт commercial hard ice cream machine 20l h stainless steel ice cream maker 1400w 220v 50hz расчески и щетки ikoo paddle x metallic rosy clouds artpad vintage diamond modern pendant light glass shade 3 lamps nordic pendant lights for dining room bedroom kitchen lighting 4pcs 65mm decorative corner bracket for furniture wood box brass feet corner protector for furniture fittings furniture hardware 2017 tba 5957 running shoes men women shoes super popular outdoor sport shoes best quality wear non slip jogging traning shoes gear stainless steel vintage watch стикеры для ванны построй параходик bb014 торшер eglo maserlo 95174 развивающие игрушки росигрушка пирамида качалка лисичка 26 см 8 деталей lussole накладной светильник barbara lsf 9012 03 матрас аскона balance smart баланс смарт 70x200 корзина для белья idea венеция цвет голубой 43 х 26 х 55 см mantra потолочный светильник mantra mn 5050 2 pcs of women leather handbag shoulder bag tote messenger crossbody bag ladies satchel purse brown storage classification е а лутцева технология 2 класс рабочая тетрадь unifon набор увлажняющих подтягивающих минеральных шелковых масок с женьшенем 21 шт bela 10530 1307pcs ninja series chaos warrior cave model building blocks set bricks toys for children gift 70596 круг шлиф самосцепляющийся практика 125мм p240 без отв 18 25n m 12v power tools battery drill cordless drill electric drill electric screwdriver electric tools mini electric drilling
Акустические системы,
Ресиверы и процессоры,
3D эмиттеры,
Спортивные товары,
Музыкальные инструменты,
Проекторы и экраны.